Looking for Research

Very good news! I have managed to obtain a copy of the Danish letter to the Ministry of Justice. Thanks to Dr Ellids Kristensen for providing this! Here is the full text, automatically translated from a PDF copy (any errors are my responsibility):

Sexological Clinic
Section RH7411
Psychiatric Center Copenhagen
Blegdamsvej 9
2100 Copenhagen East

Date: 17-09-2010

Ministry of Justice
Law Department
Slotsholmsgade 10
1216 Copenhagen K

Re: Request for opinion on fictitious child pornography

In a letter of June 23, 2010, the Ministry of Justice has sent to the Sexological Clinic and the Visitation and Treatment Network, a request for an opinion that could shed light on whether the possession, etc. of fictional child pornography that are not realistic depictions that appear in the same way or almost the same way as photographs, etc., can lead people to commit act of child sexual abuse.

In response to the above, the requested authorities have contacted the doctors and experts abroad. Furthermore, an extensive literature search has been carried out. In addition, several employees from the Sexological Clinic and Visitation and Treatment Network from 1-4. September 2010 participated in congress under the auspices of IATSO (International Association for the Treatment of Sexual Offenders). The title of congress held in Oslo, was: “ New perspectives in sex offender treatment: Restorative justice, legal questions and humanistic traditions as challenges to therapy ”. Relevant research presented at this congress is referenced in this answer.

We have had to find that, to the best of our knowledge, there are no scientific studies related to the question asked, and therefore no documentation for the consumption of fictional images of child sexual abuse, so-called "child-porn,” alone can lead people to commit child sexual abuse. The area may be subject to investigations in the future, as delegates at the abovementioned Congress conduct investigations into the consumption / abuse of (non-fictional) visual and film material of sexual child abuse. This is an area of ​​growing interest in scientific research.

In the following, a number of the most recent studies in this area will be briefly referenced and structured:

Kingston et al (2008)1 examined persons convicted of sexual crime where had a real physical sexual contact between offender and victim ( hands-on ) and found that consuming images of child sexual abuse for this group was a risk factor, the sex criminals who had used the illegal pornographic material were more likely to fall back into similar crime than those who had not.

Seto and Eke (2005)2, based on a study of 201 abusers of images of child sexual abuse, stated that the likelihood that abusers of images of child sexual abuse will later commit hands-on abuse is unknown. In their study, they find that people with previous convictions were significantly more likely to commit offenses and offenses again. Abusers of images of child sexual abuse who, prior to the current verdict, had committed sexual abuse, were the individuals most likely to re-offend - either generally or sexually.

In a Swiss study, Endrass et al (2009)3 attempted to assess whether consumers of images of child sexual abuse on the Internet present a greater risk of committing hands-on abuse on children. It involved 231 men convicted of possession of illegal images of child sexual abuse. The study found that 11 (5%) of the men had a previous conviction for sexual and / or violent abuse, 2 (1%) had a sentence for on sexual abuse involving child sexual abuse, 8 (3%) had a sentence for one sexual violation where there had been no physical sexual contact between the violator and victim (hands-off), and one was convicted of a non-sexual violent assault. Evaluation of relapse for the group showed that 7 (3%) of those surveyed relapsed with a violent and / or sexual offense, 9 (4%) relapsed with a hands-off violation and 2 (1%) with a hands-on sexual assault.

On the basis of this material, Endrass et al concluded that the consumption of images of sexual child abuse alone was not a risk factor for committing hands-on sexual abuse – at least not for those individuals who had never before been convicted of hands-on sexuality assault. The majority of those surveyed had no previous convictions for hands-on offenses. The researchers estimate that the prognosis for not committing hands-on sexual violations and abuses as well as recidivism of child pornography for this group were good.

At the Oslo Congress, Endrass et al presented4 follow-ups to the above study. The group of 231 men convicted of possession of sexual images was re-examined for child abuse, and found that after six years, no one had been convicted of hands-on abuse. The majority of these had no criminal history, either sexually or otherwise.

The empirical literature in the field of non-fictional images of child sexual abuse has not provided clear evidence that consumption of this material may pose a significant risk of engaging in hands-on sexual abuse. Some studies (e.g. Endrass 2009, Benz 20105) put forward the assumption that abusers of images of child sexual abuse form a special group. They state that although some of these also commit hands-on abuse, most do not. As stated in several studies, there may be a real risk of former hands-on convicts committing similar crimes again if they fail to use non-fictional images of child sexual abuse. The consumption of images of child sexual abuse alone do not appear to be a predictor of hands-on sexual abuse of children.

As mentioned, research in this area has only begun to increase in recent years. Further and more comprehensive studies must and will be conducted for prevention purposes. Previous studies seem to show that a high-risk group exists for those who the use of non-fictional images of child sexual abuse may contribute to the abuse. The referenced studies seem to doubt the abuse of child pornographic imagery alone can lead to sexual assault.

Documentation that “possession, etc., of fictitious child pornography which is not realistic depicted-things that appear the same or approximately the same as photographs etc., can lead people to commit child sexual abuse” does not appear to exist at the current time.

Yours sincerely

Jørgen Bech-Jessen
Clinical psychologist
External lecturer

Thorkil Sørensen
Professor, Dr. Med.

Ellids Kristensen
Consultant, Clinical Lecturer
Coordinator of the Visitation and Treatment Network

1Kingston DA, Fedoroff P, Firestone P, Curry S, Bradford JM. Pornography use and sexual aggression: the impact of frequency and type of pornography use on recidivism among sexual offenders. Aggressive Behavior 2008; 34: 341-351.

2Seto MC, Eke AW. The criminal histories and later offending of child pornography offenders. Sexual abuse: a journal of research and treatment 2005; 17: 201-210.

3Endrass J, Urbaniok F, Hammermeister LC, Benz C, Elbert T, Laubacher A, Rossegger A. The consumption of Internet child pornography and violent and sex offending. BMC Psychiatry 2009, 9:43.

4Endrass J, Rossegger. Is the consumption of child pornography a risk factor for child sexual abuse? Forensic Psychiatry and Psychotherapy 2010; 17 (suppl 1): 33.

5Benz C. Treatment of consumers of illegal pornography: More than relapse prevention. Forensic Psychiatry and Psychotherapy 2010; 17 (suppl 1): 13.

3 Likes

It is unfortunate that this data mostly concerns real child pornography and treats even that as one homogeneous group, but it may be something that could be extrapolated out to more ethical sources, and as technology improves, so will our approximations of it.

Perhaps, a thorough comparison of the impacts of the following could be the basis of a study:

CP: Sadistic content (aka “hurtcore”), bestiality, sex, masturbation, sexual posing, sexualizing legal imagery with photoshop, deepfakes.

“Technically legal”: Nudism, child models, youthful actresses, lolicon / 3dcg modeled off real people. This is not to say that these are all necessarily condoned, but that more research in this area could be useful.

Fictitious: photorealistic 3dcg, 3dcg, pseudo-3d, realistic lolicon, lolicon. Guro, scat, rape, consensual, posing, nude. Thankfully this section is fantasy, because some of the things that fall into this are very disturbing (i.e. mutilation) and not something I would ever want to wish upon a child.

Legality is also one potential variable which may have an impact on results, if something is strongly illegal, then someone would need some level of poor impulse control or other problem by definition to get over the hurdle to view it.

There may be more that I’ve missed and it may be difficult to get a large enough base of people to do such research on in it’s entirety.

Please note that laws vary from country to country and even “technically legal” may be banned partially or in it’s entirety in certain countries and even fictitious content. Be aware of the law or you may fall prey to serious consequences that could catastrophic consequences on the rest of your life.

You might also want to see if it is actually pornography which has an impact on the sex offenders or whether a sex offender which is more likely to commit a crime is more likely to have viewed pornography due to having a higher sex drive / lower impulse control / any other factor.

To paraphrase one person:

I don’t really particularly care what I look at, I mean, I do but not so dramatically. I just look at whatever is in-front of me and is most convenient. If it’s cp then it’s cp, if it’s lolis it’s lolis.

I haven’t looked at anything yet other than stumbling upon a few bits in stupid places, but cp isn’t as bad as it sounds, as-long as it isn’t abuse, hell I hear a lot of it is just “nudism”. The thing is that either way I’m going to prison for who knows how long, whether it’s a cartoon or whatever, so what does it really matter.

Right now, I just look at lolis, they’re lighter, warmer, softer and happier, but a certain self-righteous and prude country which holds pretensions of loving “freedom” wants to subtly pressure other countries to outlaw producing it, so who knows how long they’ll stick around. Shrug.

If they want to put a bullet through my brain, then go for it, that’ll be great, I am sure they’re dying to do that to all of us anyway. Just leave the hypocritical torture out of it, especially the hypocritical torture they call “therapy” which is really just brainwashing and “gay conversion therapy”.

On another note and unrelated to that, there seem to be a high number of pedophiles self-harming or attempting suicide or otherwise looking for reflief of sorts. They say it’s due to being demonised and seeing themselves as monsters, even if it’s an ethical outlet. It is kind of surreal to see people proving emotional support on what is essentially a porn (lolicon) site.

Thing is, my philosophy in being “demonized” is that those who would call you “monster” and push you to suicide are your enemies, and if your enemies fear you as a “monster” and if your very existence can be a bane upon those who would wish you harm, then that is a good thing, much like how Nobunaga Oda openly embraces his “Demon King” label. Of course, not everyone thinks like that.

I’m currently gathering information for case studies. The study would focus on the benefits, and most specifically, whether or not the child like doll (CLD) has a cathartic effect or not; I am undecided whether this study would be longitudinal or not as it’s still in the planning phase.

I have several customers of mine who are MAP and have purchased small AFMs* for intimate use, additionally I have others who are in the process of purchasing. Many have confided in me their desires and some are willing to participate in the study. It may be some time before the work is ready for publication but it’s a start. If you or anyone else you know might be interested in participating please contact me.

*Action Figure Models

1 Like

Unless I’m misreading this, it’s interesting to note that it was the Conservative party who asked for this research to be done as a response to the Social Democratic party who was pushing for a ban.

All co-sponsers are republicans. I don’t know of any requests for research.

I meant that Danish article. That’s why I said Conservative and Social Democrat, rather than Republican and Democrat.

1 Like

“As long as it cannot be proven that these drawings encourage damaging behaviour then I think we ought to protect freedom of speech and artistic expression.”

Denmark sounds pretty smart and logical.

other simply require a naked child

The idea of some countries having such a vague definition of “child pornography” that it simply requires just having a naked child is horrifying. I’m glad the US does not have such a vague definition, because our home videos have me as a naked baby.

A lot of information tends to be out-of-date and ever shifting, so it is really hard to chase down exactly what each country is doing, however I have heard of Canada and the United Kingdom being particularly harsh on that.

I did hear of a case in Canada where it was ruled that invading someone’s home over such low level imagery was excessive, although I never saw the original article regarding it. It may not still be the case, but it is usually good to exercise vigilance when dealing with such matters and to lean on the side of caution.

There is the possibility of taking the possessor’s intent into consideration, although I would be afraid that it might drive consumers of such low level content underground into dangerous echo chambers. Some may also use such content when having no other option to avoid escalating, if they remain on the surface, then it may be easier to slowly wean them to alternatives or otherwise keep them from mingling with undesirables.

Intent is also a very difficult thing to prove and law enforcement may start relying on unreliable stereotypes to decide whether someone is using it for sexual purposes. This only become more problematic, if predictive policing models utilizing AI come into play.

There have been cases where hotel staff saw a father and daughter book a hotel room and assumed he was abusing her, based on the harmful stereotype of lone men with girls being child abusers. The police ended up barging into the room and arresting the man. It turned out that he did nothing of the sort.

Lolicon sites are hands-down the best support places for me, with the exception of pedo hating places like Sankaku which are cesspools.

Everyone there has the same interest as you, not trying to gaslight you into thinking that porn is evil or you are and not going on and on about the virtues of lobotomy and castration (shots fired at VirPed). That just disgusts me, it disgusts me so much I can’t talk to them about problems at all, it is so uncomfortable and nauseous.

If you have a site that you think does a good job at moderation, please ask them if they would like to be part of our No Children Harmed program. We didn’t reach out to any of them yet.

Are you able to link the PDF?

There isn’t a PDF, we can make one if you want but the link above has all the info that would go into it.

PDF of the letter I meant. I think you said there was a PDF copy.

Oh! Sorry you’re right. Here it is.

Thanks for that. I wonder why they didn’t decide to publish this study. I’ve tried finding other similar studies, but this is really all there is

I think because it wasn’t really a study, it was a literature search. The study that needs to be done hasn’t been done yet. We’re trying to raise money for it and we are more than 10% there so far. https://prostasia.org/donations/research-fund/

Which one’s your favorite? How many have you visited recently?

How long have the donations been going on? I will donate some, as well. I hope the goal gets reached