Which countries criminalize lolicon content?

I am not sure which category to file this under, so I’ll leave it uncategorized for now, just to make sure I don’t break the guidelines. I would also like to note that while there is already a similar post on the forums, they focus on the United States only.

As someone who travels a lot around the world, I’m rather interested in knowing which countries criminalize this form of content, it’s rather hard to get an answer that is not just “perhaps” surrounded by a wall of text. So I thought about creating a post here where we can categorize countries via discussion.

Here is the current list of countries: Control+F your country if interested
United Kingdom: Illegal & Criminalized under the Obscene Publications Act
Austria: Legal, except for photorealistic content.
Denmark: Legal.
Canada: Illegal & Criminalized under the C-46 Canadian Criminal Code
France: Illegal & Criminalized unless government classified as “Art” under the Regulation of Online Child Pornography Under European Union and American Law.
Germany: Illegal & Criminalized (unless it is fictional and has no relation whatsoever to real people, locations or events) under the German Code of Law Offenses against sexual self-determination.
Sweeden: Illegal, currently being revised by the supreme court.
Japan: Legal.
United States of America: Legal unless considered obscene by a judge.
Australia: Illegal & Criminalized under the Australian Child Pornography Laws.

This is brilliant work! Thanks (and don’t worry about categorization, this forum doesn’t rely on it much). I do have some information to add. In Korea, a recent law banned sexual art that “obviously depicts a minor” and a constitutional challenge against this law failed. So currently this means that there is at best a very grey area around the legality of lolicon in Korea. Maybe someone can find links to the law and the court decision that I am talking about, otherwise I will add them later.

Thanks!
I attempted to search but was unable to find anything related, its possible that it might be too recent for there to be translated copies of the legal documents out there in the net, ill keep an eye out in case anyone posts a link (including you).

I don’t know if you’re interested in going lower than the national level, but I felt that I should mention that obscenity is legal in Oregon.

Im always willing to expand this post, information is power and there can never be too much of it.
Ill work on making it easier to read and far more specific.

Edit: Im re-making it as a PDF for ease of reading, this will also allow me to include pie charts and other useful info-graphics.

Allegedly, in the Netherlands law recently changed so that artwork is treated the same as child pornography.

A lot of sites have purged lolicon content as of late, likely due to legal liability and search engines have been very aggressively delisting content. Toddlercon and 3DCG seem to be particularly feared, perhaps because they could be considered more obscene in the eyes of a judge and the other likely to be mistaken for the real thing at a quick glance.

Realistic 3DCG is particularly vulnerable as industry AI (from what I’ve heard) tends to be trained on millions of pieces of CP and they can be similar enough that the AI will sometimes trip up and do the wrong thing. It seems unlikely that this can really be fixed without affecting the detection of real CP as-well.

Ages between 13 and 18 (not technically lolicon, but still falls under the definition of a minor) seem to be largely unimpacted, it would seem that law enforcement don’t bother to go after these? I wouldn’t rely on this however.

It would also seem that Steam is also cracking down on this content after leaving it in a bit of a grey area for a number of years.

This isn’t primarily related to this, but it shows the direction that things are moving in.

I cant really add much to this, but here are my thoughts on your post.
First off, steam is not cracking down on it officially, they decided that all content was to be allowed unless illegal (or against the guidelines, more below), “Valve shouldn’t be the ones deciding this. If you’re a player, we shouldn’t be choosing for you what content you can or can’t buy. If you’re a developer, we shouldn’t be choosing what content you’re allowed to create.” were the specific words used. The reason why content is being taken down from steam is because the employees have unchecked access to administration tools, if they dont personally like it, they take it down.

That said, some games that I have seen taken down were done so with sound reasoning.
The steam direct guidelines are not very specific, which is highly problematic.
Here are a few issues with the current guidelines:

“Libelous or defamatory statements” - By this logic, all WW2 games should be banned because there are nazis inside of them.

“Content that exploits children in any way” - This one is just plain confusing, as I see it, this means “content produced in sweatshops using children as programmers”, but of course, this does not make much sense given that children dont do for good programmers; which leads me to the conclusion that this is just a loose way of saying “No portrayal of child-like characters being exploited in any sense”.

Pornography also used to be banned according to old screenshots of this post.

As for the 3DCG, I dont quite see much of a problem, it should not really be banned unless it goes over the uncanny valley (the definition of “realistic” is too loose and easily exploitable).
For better or worse, we are many years away from going over the valley. Current 3D-CGI is easy to distinguish from reality.
Once we cross the valley, it becomes a logistics problem, whether or not we can provide “CGI” certifications to legitimate pornography manufacturers will decide whether that (valley-crossing) form of pornography is permitted to circulate or outright banned.

As a closing note, I would like to mention that I am currently away on a long business trip and might not be able to upload the document iv been working on as soon as I was hoping to.

If that information conflicts with the table on wiki, an update is needed.

According to the table, fiction is legal in Sweden.

Yes, Oregon abandoned it’s obscenity law.

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From what I know, the information on Wikipedia is extremely out-of-date and may land someone in hot water if they actually follow it.

By request, we have a new “Art and fiction” category. I’ve moved this topic there.