Retraumatization and cultural context

Originally published at: Retraumatization and cultural context - Prostasia Foundation

Twenty years ago, the Kaiser Permanente Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) Study revolutionized our understanding of trauma’s impact on survivors of abuse. Today, more and more mental health practitioners are transitioning to a trauma-informed framework. For mental health professionals and activists who have been advocating a justice based approach to mental health, this is a significant…

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Why does ACE place direct abuse and witnessing abuse on the same level? Obvious direct abuse causes more harm, doesn’t it?